The Kiel Council Assembly is the municipal representative body of the city of Kiel. The citizens of Kiel decide on the composition every five years. The last election took place on May 6, 2018.
Originally there was a Vogt at the head of the city of Kiel. The Vogt was appointed by the sovereign. In addition to the Vogt, there was a council in Kiel very early on, which exercised the actual power of the city from 1315.
After the transition to Prussia, the Prussian town ordinance was introduced throughout Schleswig-Holstein in 1867. At the head of the city was a mayor. Heinrich Mölling was the first mayor of the city of Kiel from 1867 to 1888.
In 1946 the British military government introduced a two-tier administration. After that there was first a mayor as chairman of the council and next to that a senior city director as head of administration.
However, the Schleswig-Holstein Municipal Code of 1950 gave the head of administration the traditional title of mayor or mayor and introduced the new title of mayor for the chairman of the council in larger cities – such as in Kiel.